Howto Cisco Asa
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Overview
- 3 Gateway Configuration
- 4 Client Configuration
- 5 Known Issues
- 6 Resources
This guide provides information that can be used to configure a Cisco PIX/ASA device running firmware version 7.x to support IPsec VPN client connectivity. If you have a PIX device running firmware version 6.x, please consult the HowtoCiscoPix. The Shrew Soft VPN Client has been tested with Cisco products to ensure interoperability.
The configuration example described below will allow an IPsec VPN client to communicate with a single remote private network. The client uses the pull configuration method to acquire the following parameters automatically from the gateway.
- IP Address
- IP Netmask
- DNS Servers
- DNS Default Domain Suffix
- DNS Split Network Domain List
- WINS Servers
- PFS Group
- Remote Network Topology
- Login Banner
This example assumes you have knowledge of the Cisco ASA gateway command line configuration interface. For more information, please consult your Cisco product documentation.
Two network interfaces are configured. The outside interface has a static public IP address of 220.127.116.11 which faces the internet. The inside interface has a static private IP address that faces the internal private network. The default gateway is configured as 18.104.22.168 via the outside interface.
interface Vlan1 nameif inside security-level 100 ip address 10.1.2.20 255.255.255.0 ! interface Vlan2 nameif outside security-level 0 ip address 10.1.1.20 255.255.255.0 ! interface Ethernet0/0 switchport access vlan 2 !
An access lists must be configured to define the IPSec policies. This is expressed with the source matching the local private network(s) and the destination matching any as the VPN client address will be assigned by the gateway.
object-group network group-inside-vpnclient description All inside accessible networks network-object 10.1.2.0 255.255.255.0
access-list acl-vpnclient extended permit ip object-group group-inside-vpnclient any
The IP address pool must be configured. Clients will be assigned private network addresses from a pool of 10.2.20.1-10.2.20.126.
ip local pool ippool-vpnclient 10.2.20.1-10.2.20.126 mask 255.255.255.0
User authentication must be configured to support IKE extended authentication ( XAuth ). In this example, we use define user accounts locally on the ASA. It is possible to pass this authentication to a radius or an LDAP account server using the Cisco AAA authentication mechanism. For more information, please consult your cisco product documentation.
aaa authentication ssh console LOCAL username bill password XXX encrypted username bob password XXX encrypted
A transform set and dynamic IPsec crypto map must be configured to support client VPN connections. The dynamic crypto map is then assigned to a standard crypto map and bound to the outside ( public ) interface.
crypto ipsec transform-set xform-3des-md5 esp-3des esp-md5-hmac crypto dynamic-map dcmap-vpnclient 1 set transform-set xform-3des-md5 crypto map cmap-vpncient 65535 ipsec-isakmp dynamic dcmap-vpnclient crypto map cmap-vpncient interface outside
The ISAKMP protocol must be enabled on the outside ( public ) interface and an ISAKMP policy must be configured. NAT Traversal is also enabled to allow clients to communicate effectively when their peer address is being translated. The keep alive packet rate is set to 20 seconds.
crypto isakmp enable outside crypto isakmp identity address crypto isakmp nat-traversal 20 crypto isakmp policy 1 authentication pre-share encryption 3des hash md5 group 2 lifetime 86400
A group policy must be configured to provide the client with dynamic configuration information.
group-policy group-policy-default internal group-policy group-policy-default attributes banner value Welcome to the shrew.net ciscoasa wins-server value 10.1.2.100 10.1.2.1 dns-server value 10.1.2.100 10.1.2.1 vpn-tunnel-protocol IPSec password-storage disable re-xauth disable pfs disable split-tunnel-policy tunnelspecified split-tunnel-network-list value acl-vpnclient default-domain value shrew.net split-dns value shrew.net example.com
A tunnel group must be configured to define the VPN Client tunnel parameters. It is created using the type ipsec-ra for IPsec remote access. The client uses the tunnel group name as its FQDN identity value and the tunnel group pre-shared-key as its pre-shared key value.
tunnel-group vpnclient type ipsec-ra tunnel-group vpnclient general-attributes address-pool ippool-vpnclient default-group-policy group-policy-default tunnel-group vpnclient ipsec-attributes pre-shared-key mypresharedkey
The client configuration in this example is straight forward. Open the Access Manager application and create a new site configuration. Configure the settings listed below in the following tabs.
The Remote Host section must be configured. The Host Name or IP Address is defined as 10.1.1.20 to match the ASA outside ( public ) interface address. The Auto Configuration mode should be set to ike config pull.
Phase 1 Tab
The Proposal section must be configured. The Exchange Type is set to aggressive and the DH Exchange is set to group 2 to match the ASA ISAKMP policy definition.
The client authentication settings must be configured. The Authentication Method is defined as Mutual PSK + XAuth.
Local Identity Tab
The Local Identity parameters are defined as Fully Qualified Domain Name with a FQDN String of "vpnclient" to match the ASA tunnel group name.
Remote Identity Tab
The Remote Identity parameters are set to IP Address with the Use a discovered remote host address option checked to match the ASA ISAKMP identity parameter.
The Credentials Pre Shared Key is defined as "mypresharedkey" to match the ASA tunnel group pre-shared-key.
Cisco gateways support a proprietary form of hybrid authentication which does not conform to RFC draft standards. At this time the Shrew Soft VPN Client does not support this authentication mode. We hope to add support for this in the future.