Howto Netgear

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Contents

Introduction

This guide provides information that can be used to configure a Netgear Prosafe FVS33x or FVX53x device running firmware version 3.0.4+ to support IPsec VPN client connectivity. The Shrew Soft VPN Client has been tested with Netgear products to ensure interoperability.

Overview

The configuration example described below will allow an IPsec VPN client to communicate with a single remote private network. The client uses the pull configuration method to acquire the following parameters automatically from the gateway.

  • IP Address
  • IP Netmask
  • DNS Servers
  • WINS Servers

Gateway Configuration

This example assumes you have knowledge of the Netgear gateway Web configuration interface. For more information, please consult your Netgear product documentation.

Create a Mode Config Record

A Mode Config record is used to define configuration settings that are automatically obtained by the client. This includes private network IP address assignment as well as DNS and WINS server settings. Navigate to the following screen using the Menu list at the top of the browser interface.

Netgear-nav-1.jpg

Click the add button and define the following parameters.

Client Pool

  • Record Name = vpnclient-cfg
  • First Pool = 10.2.25.1 - 10.2.25.100
  • WINS Server = 10.1.2.100
  • DNS Server = 10.1.2.100

Traffic Tunnel Security Level

  • PFS Key Group = Unchecked
  • SA Lifetime = 3600 Seconds
  • Encryption Algorithm = 3DES
  • Integrity Algorithm = SHA-1
  • Local IP Address = 10.1.2.0
  • Local Subnet Netmask = 255.255.255.0

Netgear-pic-1.jpg


When finished click Apply.

Create an IKE Policy

An IKE Policy is used to define the parameters used to negotiate the phase1 ISAKMP SA. Navigate to the following screen using the Menu list at the top of the browser interface.

Netgear-nav-2.jpg

Click the add button and define the following parameters.

Mode Config Record

  • Do you want to use Mode Config Record? = Yes
  • Select Mode Config Record = vpnclient-cfg

General

  • Policy Name = vpnclient-ike
  • Exchange Mode = Aggressive

Local

  • Identifier Type = Local Wan IP

Remote

  • Identifier Type = FQDN
  • Identifier = client.domain.com

IKE SA Parameters

  • Encryption Algorithm = 3DES
  • Authentication Algorithm = SHA-1
  • Authentication Method = Pre-shared key
  • Pre-shared key = mysharedsecret
  • Diffie-Hellman Group = Group 2 (1024 bit)
  • SA-Lifetime (sec) = 28800
  • Enable Dead Peer Detection = Yes
  • Detection Period = 10 seconds
  • Reconnect after failure count = 3

Extended Authentication

  • XAUTH Configuration = Edge Device
  • Authentication Type = User Database

Netgear-pic-2.jpg

When finished click Apply.

Create VPN Client User Accounts

A VPN Client User Account defines the password that will be used for a particular username. Navigate to the following screen using the Menu list at the top of the browser interface. Netgear-nav-3.jpg


Define a User Name and Password for each user that will connect using the VPN Client software and click Add to add them to the Configured Users list. Netgear-pic-3.jpg

Client Configuration

The client configuration in this example is straight forward. Open the Access Manager application and create a new site configuration. Configure the settings listed below in the following tabs.

General Tab

The Remote Host section must be configured. This Host Name or IP Address is defined to match the Netgear WAN Internet IP address. The Auto Configuration mode should be set to ike config pull.

Phase 1 Tab

The Proposal section must be configured. The Exchange Type is set to aggressive and the DH Exchange is set to group 2 to match the Netgear IKE Policy definition.

Authentication Tab

The client authentication settings must be configured. The Authentication Method is defined as Mutual PSK + XAuth.

Local Identity Tab

The Local Identity parameters are defined as Fully Qualified Domain Name with a FQDN String of "client.domain.com" to match the Netgear IKE Policy Remote Identity value.

Remote Identity Tab

The Remote Identity parameters are defined as IP Address with Use a discovered remote host address to match the IKE Policy Local Identity value.

Credentials Tab

The Credentials Pre Shared Key is defined as "mysharedsecret" to match the Netgear IKE Policy Pre-shared key value.

Policy Tab

The IPsec Policy information must be manually configured when communicating with Netgear gateways. Create an include Topology entry that matches the Local IP Address and Local Subnet Netmask of the Netgear Mode Config record. For our example, a single Topology Entry is defined to include the 10.1.2.0/24 network.

Known Issues

The Netgear Firmware has several known issues with DPD. Version 2.2.0 apha 2 and later versions of the Shrew Soft Client include code to work around these issues. If using 2.1.x client versions, you will need to disable DPD support.

Resources

Media:netgear.vpn.txt

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